Public Health, Nativism and I migration

Carlos Cruz

Emily Brooks

SSN 240- 1828

April 18, 2018


Public Health, Nativism and I migration

A college physician with a high level of education called Cyrus Edson was a temporary sanitary inspector in the New York City Health Department in the earlies 1880s. In the middle of that year, a severe epidemy came up that had many New Yorkers infected. Edson helped the department to deliver the vaccines to the infected people. Later, at the end of the year, Cyrus got promoted in his temporary job for a permanent one. The ability to diagnose contagious disease make him get many other positions that in 1892 became a Chief sanitary inspector. Although, the examinations of contagious diseases were very different compared to nowadays that beginners like Edson were difficult to trust. Under those circumstances, there were some hospitals that did not admit people infected with contagious diseases because of the lack of clinical material. So, the only hospitals which accepted patients, under those circumstances, were the ones operated by the Health Department. Moreover, Edson wanted to have restrictions over European migrants in order to restore the health of America. Then, it became an offense for Europeans because the Health Department had believed that the immigrants were the one who brought these diseases. In 1892 the Health Department started to employ “sanitary inspections, to impose fines for violations or health nuisances”. This way they would have more control over the contagious disease. So, the Edson division was in charged to find who the diseases spread. Also, he wanted to transform City Hall into a hospital. Although, the Congress found some positive and negative outcomes if they do it. In 1892 there was a possible epidemic disease when practicing physicians reported that everyone in the inspector’s office has cholera. In addition, the technology played a role very important when practicing physicians wanted to communicate with the Chief Inspector Edson. Dr. Leo Dann reported to Edson by a postcard that there were many cases of typhoid fever in a single house. Dann knew about the case of a young locksmith who was having similar symptoms to other cases he had seen in the boarding house. So, Edson went to investigate the boarding house but he did not find anything. In 1892 typhus fever was considered the most highly contagious. In early cases of typhus and typhoid fever was difficult to distinguish until the late nineteenth century. Another relevant fact from Edson at that time was when he came up with a theory of the etiology of typhus based on many other theories. Then, in 1910 an America microbiologist discovered another bacteria of typhus in the blood of patients.

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