Working Class New York

Carlos Cruz

Emily Brooks

SSN 240- 1828

May 8, 2018

Working Class New York

Organization of workers or called unions and groups made the labor movement which consisted to increase wages on employees. By the end of the World War II the labor movement achieved their goal to create more jobs. Later. New York became the national headquarters of many unions. In the early 1950s, New York workers paid union dues, although no all workers belong to a union. In addition, the majority of the union organizations existed in the country were located in New York. Moreover, craft unions helped the members to get jobs. So, in the late 1940s and early 1950s workers found jobs in the union hall. In 1947 Taft-Hartley Act banned unions to use closed shops contracts that made them to contract their own members. Not only in New York the printing and construction industries had the same agreement but also the machine shops and metalworking factories. Furthermore, some unions like construction electricians restricted memberships to relatives because it did not allow company’s improvements. At the same time, the labor market control encouraged unions to discrimination. In addition, industrial unions did not have control on hiring people like craft unions. So, “these unions reached their pick membership only after World War II”. Even though, they had ideologically and cultural rooted while they were growing. The biggest city’s union was the International Ladies Garment Workers Union (ILGWU). This union at the end of the World War II had 150,00 members and by the early 1950s almost 200,000. Later, the (ILGWU) had a surprisingly financial and political power that as properties had sixteen medical clinics, a resort in Poconos and four radio stations. This union usually produce women’s and children’s clothing. Also, it was divided over two dozen locals according to their craft like millinery, fur, leather and amalgamated workers. In addition, according to Freeman, one study found that three-quarters of New Yorkers were employed with contracts either employer’s association or informal employers group. Also, in 1945 there was the Ant-Discrimination Act which consisted that unions could not exclude anyone on basis of racism.

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