Assignment #2

Fouzi Nagi

            War and Children


Throughout history war has always been one of the most devastating issue many people and children across the world experience.War has divided many countries, separated many families, demolished many houses, killed many lives, impacted the lives of many children, and more importantly war has destroyed many hopes and dreams for children.The play “Anon(ymous)” by Naomi Iizuka is an excellent play that discusses how war impacts people ,especially children.The play is about Anon, a young refugee who has been separated from his mother and faces many obstacles along the way to find his mother and to adapt to the United States.War can be very destructive and violent, “Where I come from bombs rained down from the sky night after night and boys wandered the streets with M16S”(Iizuka 2).No child in the world should ever grow up hearing bomb blasts or carry weapons at a such very young age because events like this can cause health damages to young children both mentally and physically.

Millions of children lose their families under wars, “War affects children in many of the same ways that it affects adults. There are, nonetheless, specific effects on children. Firstly, children’s access to the care, empathy, and attention of adults who love them is often restricted or non-existent. In times of war, the loss of parents, the separation from parents, the parents’ extreme preoccupation with protecting and finding subsistence for the family, and the emotional unavailability of depressed or distracted parents lead to significant and frequent disruption in their attachments”(Impact of War 11).Loss of family can be very unimaginable on children and sadly many millions of children loss their love once or get separated from them under armed conflicts,“You dream the face of the one person you love.And that person, that person becomes like home. Their eyes.Their skin. Their voice, the sound of their voice. And so you dream about that person” (Iizuka 2).In this case, many of children grow up in orphanages, lose hope and become isolated.Life can be very challenging to children who loss their families at young age.They’re forced to be independent, survive harsh conditions, live in fear, and in some cases they will do the impossible to provide for their siblings.

Another way that children are affected by war is by trauma,” Traumatic events can be placed on a continuum based on the degree to which a child is exposed directly to extremely frightening and prolonged stressors that carry long-term impact on personal well being or access to social supports. The most extreme traumas involve high degrees of threat, targeted directly at the child over long periods of time, that produce a loss of social supports” (Pine, Costello and Masten 3). Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) can be a serious and long-lasting injury in children. Violence, loss and not known what’s going around them can cause them to develop a state of anxiety and depression.Many children lose their social life and they lose sense of who they are.Children exposure to trauma influence them to grow up with psychological problems and long lasting mental issues that would make them feel apart of the world.

Loss of hope and future is also another brutal result of armed conflicts. Millions of children all around the world are experiencing great stress and loss of hope in life.Many children around the world grow up in safe environment go to schools, play sports, and live in homes. But it’s not the same for the children in Syria.Children in Syria are living in a devastating environment and experiencing very tough life. For an example, we can see this issue in what is happening today in Syria, “ since the Syrian civil war began in 2011, over 400.000 Syria have been killed, 4.8 million Syrians have fled the country, about 50% of Syria’s major cities have been destroyed, and innocent children suffer the most”(Syrians Brutal Civil War).The life in a dangerous environment is not always easy for children and living in a country with half of the cities in the country demolished can destroy many hopes and dreams for the younger generation, a Syrian child says “I’m not scared of anything anymore, there’s no need to be scared of anything because there’s nothing left in our lives”(Syrians Brutal Civil War). Being this weak and hopeless at a such young is not fair and children shouldn’t be the victims of armed conflicts.There shouldn’t be any child in the world going through what Syrian children are going through or live in any of their situations.

As we can see, armed conflicts are destroying many countries and more importantly young innocent lives.Wars are destroying many children’s dreams and hopes, wars are also leaving a permanent damage to the health of millions of children around the world.The play “Anon(ymous)”, the articles of “The Effects of War and Terrorism on Children” and “The impacts and effects of war on children”, and the Youtube video “Syrians Brutal Civil War” provided very important information and explained the major negative impact of wars on children.It’s a shame that people are still fighting wars and killing each over political and religious conflicts.It also sickening that the victims of wars are usually the people and innocent children.Therefore, people need to think about the outcome and the innocent lives that would have to be sacrificed under these shameful wars.

Work Cited

Iizuka, Naomi. “Anon(ymous).” American Theatre , Feb. 2007.


Pine, Daniel., Costello, Jane., and Masten,Ann. “Trauma, Proximity, and Developmental Psychopathology: The Effects of War and Terrorism on Children.” Neuropsychopharmacology, vol. 30, no. 10, 2005, pp. 1781–1792.


“The Impact and Effects of War on Children.” UNHCR, Apr. 2008, pp. 11–13.

“Syrians Brutal Civil War – The Effects of War on Children [Short Film].” Youtube, Arucanari // ShortFilms, 7 Dec. 2016,


Reflective Artist’s Statement


This research essay was a great assignment that me and other students can learn from.I got to learn more on my topic which was “ the impact of war on children”, I learned the different ways children can be affected. They can be affected both mentally and physically, they can lose hopes and dreams, loss trust, and have trauma.The essay also helped me improve at researching and finding the right resources for the assignment. I also got to learn to compare and contrast different resources. Lastly, this research essay helped me learned that a research paper isn’t as easy as a regular essay and therefore I will not do it all at once in the last minute.This research essay can be helpful in the future, it could help me to do a better and a longer paper in the future.It will also help find the right resources faster.The research that I completed helped me analyze the play “Anon(ymous)” even further. It allowed me to go further in details to break down one the themes of the play which which was war and its impact on children.The research also helped me connect four different resources to the play which was interesting to focus more on the play.I believe that I could have pushed my analysis even further by looking at more different resources and these resources could have contained more information than my resources.I could have also spent more time doing this essay and that would have pushed it further.The rhetorical choices that I took were writing about children than adults because children are more vulnerable than adults. I also talked about the important damages on health instead of economy impacts and I belive that made the paper more interesting.The process of peer reviewing helped me to go even further in my research paper, it helped correct some of the mistakes I did in the pre-draft, and this process helped me come up with new ideas I didn’t think of.Me and my partners can conduct our peer review differently next time by bringing in more work because most of didn’t bring a lot of work, and we can also be more honest and not afraid to point out or stating opinions.For the future I will write about topics that most people around can relate to and I will spend more time on the paper to grab the reader’s interest and attention.

Research Assignment Final Draft

Naomi Iizuka has done a great job in keeping the audience engaged through out the play. She does this by constantly having the audience guessing if the whole play is a dream, and not realty, or what is Anon’s real name, and why he doesn’t mention his real name, and even hiding the location of the play. Naomi does all these things intentionally to have us confused. The big question I have is why? Why would Naomi want to confused her audience?


To better understand the play, I will be analyzing the process of playwriting. There is a long process involved in playwriting a play. One of the main elements is having a topic or a specific subject you want to get across to your audience. This can be a message to want to get across, or even bring up the attention of a modern day issue. This involves a lot of research just as Naomi did to create Anonymous. This also clicks together with how you want a member of the audience to perceive what you’ve created. Jean Tay gives a perfect example of the process of playwriting. “The process of playwriting is really 99 percent perspiration and one percent inspiration”. Playwriting is almost like a game you are designing. You create the characters, the setting, the topic etc. You even create how you want the audience to react in certain scenes. Another key element in playwriting is research. Without research a majority of the plays in history would of not been created. Wither your researching about mentally ill prisoners, or even immigrant children. You must have a good amount of information to even start to think about playwriting.


My question earlier was why would Iizuka want to confuse or disorient her audience? To better answer this question we have to look more closely at Iizuka previous work. “Everyone who works with her, thereafter always misses her, because she makes the creative process a pleasure, says Jon Jory”. Iizuka has found most of the material for her plays by just experiencing regular day to day things. The Los Angeles Times even states that “She also has mined stories and characters by browsing in bookstores”. Iizuka could have came across an article or a book about refugee which later lead her to create Anonymous. Which brings back my question why would she want to disorient her audience? She is targeting a specific crowd which are refugees, but she also wanted everyone to relate to the issue which is why she did not give a conclusion to the play. She wants everyone to create there ending of the story. She wants everyone to create the setting of the play. By doing this she allows the audience to relate more to the play because she is allowing them to fill the blanks in.


In conclusion Having a crowd constantly guessing through out a play is a perfect method in keeping their attention. In doing so Iizuka has successfully created a play where everyone can relate to not just Refugee’s and immigrants. She has created a play that we have control of and not some much her.





Work Cities

Mike Boehm February 29,2004 Los Angeles Times

Adeline Chia The Straits Times September 8,2008

Edited and Revised Assignment # 3

David Fernandez

English 102


November- 10- 2017

Dealing With Trauma


In life some of our feelings are influenced by our experience. When we remember a experience that we view as positive it brings us joy. Memories like winning a contest or finishing first in a race are seen as good events in your life. When you think about a positive experience   that you had it usually makes you more happy than if you didn’t. Sometimes there are events in our lives that we view as negative and it can be so severe  that it sticks with us. You can usually see this in war veterans and refugees who lived in war zones. They have seen horrible things happen to people and also have to cope with the death of their friends. Sometimes the result of this can be trauma. In the play “Anonymous” you can see that Anon (the protagonist) and his mother Nemasani show that they have some symptoms of trauma such as flashbacks, social isolation and lost of interest.

Throughout the play Nemasani was trying to cope with her lost son by making shroud because she thought he was dead. Even though Anon ended up being alive he was still nowhere to be found and she had no idea what could have happened to him. So part of her still wanted to hold on to the fact that he was still alive because there was still no proof of his death. “The mourning and burial ceremonies can help people accept reality in a short period and return to order” (chen). There was no body found yet so there could not have been a burial ceremony. This burial ceremony could have helped Nemasani realize that her Anon was did but since there was no ceremony she did not entirely give up on him still being alive.

At times when Anon is interacting with people he starts to isolate himself from that person if he doesn’t feel a connection with them. He kept avoiding Calista when she tried to bond with him. Calista attempt to befriend failed because they come from different worlds. Hua-Yu Sebastian Cherng believes this “The theories that explain patterns of racial segregation within a diverse setting identify homophily (the tendency to form relationships with individuals that share similar qualities), propinquity (the tendency to form relationships with individuals that share similar social situations), status, and reciprocity, as particularly important qualities of friendship formation (Hallinan and Williams 1989; McPherson, Smith-Lovin, and Cook 2001; Moody 2001)”. (Cherng p. 510)  Anon who comes from a place that is a war zone cannot relate with Calista who is very high class and whose family has the money to afford a beach. While he had to escape war and got traumatized because of his experience of the war

When Anon meets Ali he wanted to leave right away. He first meets Ali’s daughter Narseen and mentions that he likes the song she was singing. They talk briefly until Ali arrives and calls Anon a roach. After a while he insists on making Anon his guest and offers him food. Anon rejects this offer and informed him that he had to leave. As a refugee with trauma it is not easy to trust new people especially when you are being insulted by them when you first meet them.

Anon sometimes talks about his homeland and tells people what he remembers about it. Since he had to escape his country and become a refuge in another it is probably because his life was in danger. He has memories of war and what he remembers seeing. “ Where I come from is far away from here. Where I come from there was a war that lasted so long people forgot what they were lighting for. Where I come from bombs rained down from the sky night after night and boys wandered the streets with M16s. Where I come from mines are planted in the roads like deadly flowers, and the air smells like death, rank and sticky sweet. Where I come from you go to sleep at night and dream about the faces of the people you love”(Iizuka,65). These flashbacks that he has are caused because of trauma because of what he went through in the past. This can be seen in all sorts of groups fleeing war . “Vietnamese refugees who were rescued and brought to refugee camps in different countries experienced varying encampment traumas and stressors. Their experiences were comprised of assaults by border guards upon entering neighboring countries (Boehnlein & Kinzie, 1997), overcrowding, starvation or poor nutrition, unsanitary conditions, and personal danger”(Dao Tam, Julia M. P. Poritz, Rachel P. Moody, and Kim Szeto 440). Anon has a very vivid picture of what was going on in his homeland he recalls having to leave after that.

In the play “Anonymous” you can see that both Anon and Nemasani go through trauma. It is is because of the experiences that they had in their lives that caused them to have it. Throughout the play you can see signs of this Even though the experience might be different what they both have in common is that it was a negative one and it gave them trauma.   

Works Cited

Dao Tam, Julia, M. P. Poritz, Rachel, P. Moody, and Kim, Szeto,. Development, Reliability, and Validity of the Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Interview for Vietnamese Refugees: A Diagnostic Instrument for Vietnamese Refugees,. Houston: International Society For Traumatic Stress Studies, 2012


Chen, Biao. Coping With Death and Loss: Confucian Perspectives and the Use of Rituals. Springer Science+Business Media, 2012


Cherng, Hua-Yu Sebastian, Social Isolation Among Racial/Ethnic Minority Immigrant Youth. New York: 2015


Iizuka Naomi, Anonymous. American Theatre


Reflective Statement


When I started writing this paper I thought of what topics from the book I can use to write about. There were many topics I could have used like Immigration, culture shock and imagination vs reality. After thinking about for a while I thought that it would be best to pick Trauma. I made this decision after realizing that this is something more than one of the characters have. Both Anon and Nemasani share this. Trauma can be caused by witnessing war or being abused and there are many symptoms like isolation, mistrust and anxiety. Awareness of this topic should be spread around. Just like how physical health has a lot of awareness like exercising and eating healthy mental health should be something that people should learn more about.


Having peers who had similar topics and ideas to research helped out a lot  while working on the paper. When we shared our papers we saw that we had a lot of ideas in common. There was many suggestions that we were able to give each other since our topics were similar. This helped create the paper since  there was some feedback. When you have a research topic to focus on you  get to have the opportunity to view the play differently and notice things that you have not noticed before.


Research final

How can a house be called a home to an immigrant ?

In the play “ Anon(Ymous)”, by Naomi Iizuka , a young refugee known as anon searches for his mother as they are separated at sea from an unnamed war. This motivated character migrates through unknown locations filled surrounded by  war like areas and encounters a wide variety of people . Some of the people he met during his long journey were filled with love,  but some were dangerous and sneaky.

As an undocumented alien moving around city to city or country to island , having to adapt to new customs every time you blink seems to always remind you back of home. These people don’t just migrate out of fun.Immigrants typically flee their country because of persecution, war / disasters and even for a better lifestyle.There is a wide variety of reasons to leave home for these people,  Some people emigrate to avoid starvation.Some seek adventure. Others wish to escape unbearable family situations. Still others desire to be reunited with loved ones.(Bryant, 1)


As you migrate you look for things that remind you of home to make you feel comfortable.One effective scene involved Anon and Pascal explaining memories of home and family. From the passage we seem to sum up that Pascal and Anon come from two totally different cultural backgrounds and have many powerful experiences throughout life, but the taste of home cooking or a familiar smell is customary to both. Both of these characters  remember a different kind of home, but the feeling of home is identical and easily detectable.

In the passage ritu says “ Where do you come from, stranger?” , Anon the characters that searched for his mother replies, “ I’m from all over”.(Lizuka ,70) As an immigrant no place could possibly be called a home,  a house is something permanent not temporary. A home is something you could return to and it be the same as when you left it. Before 1920, about 30 percent of all immigrants from the United States later returned to their native country. Today, about 15 percent return home. Some immigrants intend to stay in a new country temporarily and then go back home. But others go back because they find adjusting to a new society too difficult.( Bryant,1)

It’s not easy having to start somewhere as a brand new being.The values, social norms, and traditions in another country may be very different from beliefs about “how things should be” in the country where a person was born and raised.

When individuals move to another culture, they naturally carry their own background and life experiences with them, and these shape how they perceive and adjust to their new location. For instance, some of these diverse beings may find an American classroom easy to adjust to, while others may struggle significantly in this area. This puts the person trying to adapt to a new setting on a “Culture shock” . This is a common experience that describes the feelings of entering an unfamiliar culture. Keep in mind that not everyone has the same reactions to cultural adjustment and may experience the symptoms of culture shock in varying degrees, and at different times. Some people become extremely homesick while getting to know the new area.(Texas,1).


You can’t adjust yourself to just any place , in contrast a house provides a  roof over your head around neighbors you knew your entire life, a home is the smell of a family recipe in the morning and rooms filled with memories.immigrants don’t have the luxury of living around loved ones and being at home comfortably. Some immigrants were brought to a new land against their will. From the 1500’s to the 1800’s europeans shipped black Africans to the Western Hemisphere as slaves.(Bryant,1). They were brought here and had to make the best of the situation.They had to create a community and within that community exchange and or develop the same language, customs, foods, interests, and important beliefs and values. (Donley, 1) .

But what if you can’t adapt fully ? .You can live satisfied in a house that doesn’t feel like home. To be a home, it needs to feel like a place you belong.  A place you feel at peace, no stress can enter while you’re relaxing Comfortably. A home reflects your personality, so it stands to reason that people like you will also like being in your home.( Owyong,1). Some people, as they move through their lives, rediscover home again and all over again. Some people never find another after once leaving home. (Klinkenborg,1)




Bryant, Joyce. “Immigration in the United States.” 99.03.01: Immigration in the United States,

Donley, Susan k. “Education: Heritage Discovery Center.” Push and Pull of Immigration: Letters from Home – Johnstown Heritage Discovery Center,

Iizuka, Naomi. Anon(Ymous): a Drama. Playscripts, 2010.

Klinkenborg, Verlyn. “The Definition of Home.”, Smithsonian Institution, 1 May 2012,

Owyong., Chris. “House vs. Home.” Re:Focus,

“A Guide for International Students.” Cultural Adjustment, Texas University,

Pre Draft Assignment #2

In order for Naomi Iizuka to write her play Anon(ymous), she must have researched the lifestyle of immigrants becoming refugees to have a better life. Correspondingly, the actors need to have excellent preparation for themselves as emotionally and physically prepare themselves as if they were the actual characters from the play. The actors need to get a sense of characterization. Three things that grabbed my attention was one being immigration due to how immigration was a huge factor in the poem with political issues and how Anon encounters with other people which are kind and some cruel to find his way to his mother. Overall I was grabbed by how many different types of people Anon encountered and with all having  different lifestyles and how he was carried on by others from place to place In order to find his home. I feel like in order for me to understand those three parts of the play in a deeper and meaningful way is for me to find people who can relate the experiences and hear them out or maybe even see the play so that I can see their emotions and face expressions. The way they express themselves when the actors play it out. I feel like I would like to talk about how immigration since anon was being helped by many different people and how it was a meaningful factor in the poem.

assignment 2 draft

In the playwright, Anon(ymous) is about a boy named Anon who is trying o find his mother. Over the course of the story meets new people. But in certain parts of the story, you may notice that Anon has some form of identity issues and the characters changes in the story like Calista and Mr Markus who ignores Anon and his mother Nemesani true names. In this essay ill be using the playwright Anon(ymous) to discuss the issues of identity lost in immigrants and minorities.
A person identity is like a fully detailed background check of who you really are and where you from. Losing your identity can easily happen it occurred throughout many eras of history most notable Ellis Island. People who immigrated to the United States to have their name changed. In peer-reviewed journal named “Ellis Island Nation: Immigration Policy and American Identity in the Twentieth Century” by Robert L. Fleegler the article talks about the assimilation of immigrants into the country by what’s called contributionism. Immigrants will contribute by adding their ideas and cultural into mix others which makes the United States of America the country of immigrants as we know today but, the problem with this is that immigrants slowly lose their own culture “ Contributionism emphasized that the cultural and economic assets of immigrants enrich America by celebrating the unique benefits of immigrants’ native cultures to American life. At the same time, however, contributionists frequently assumed that immigrants would lose some of the very distinctions that set them apart as their talents and skills were incorporated into the American nation” I believe this is true since both of my parents weren’t born in the united states but over time they started to opt out of their own traditions into a more American tradition.

The same goes for me or anyone who is 1st or 2nd generation American or was born in another country they’re family traditional may begin to diminish. There’s also an intergenational conflict that occurs due to the sudden change in cultures values generation after generation of immigrant families.


Assignment #2 Rough Draft

Naomi Lizuka has done a great job in keeping the audience engaged through out the play. She does this by constantly having the audience guessing if the whole play is a dream, and not realty, or what is Anon’s real name, and why he doesn’t mention his real name, and even hiding the location of the play. Naomi does all these things intentionally to have us confused. The big question I have is why? Why would Naomi want to confused her audience?

There is a long process involved in playwriting a play. One of the main elements is having a topic or a specific subject you want to get across to your audience. This can be a message to want to get across, or even bring up the attention of a modern day issue. This involves a lot of research just as Naomi did to create Anonymous. This also clicks together with how you want a member of the audience to perceive what you’ve created.


Mental Health of Refugees from War Torn Countries

“In addition to individuals who meet the criteria in the 1951 Convention definition, UNHCR recognizes as refugees persons who are outside their country of nationality or habitual residence and unable to return there owing to serious and indiscriminate threats to life, physical integrity or freedom resulting from generalized violence or events seriously disturbing public order.”(UNHCR, 2011, p.19). According to UNHCR there are about 20 million people classified as refugees. ( , 4th Nov. 2017). Even just by the definition we can understand that refugees have a life full of struggle and it is not uncommon for them to develop health issues. Mental health issues, which are just as important as physical health issues are very often overlooked because of the lack of resources and knowledge to recognize them. Because of this many refugees suffer from very dangerous mental health issues.

An article on Mental Health of Refugees by WHO says,”many children may be unaccompanied. They have special needs. If these needs are not met, serious mental health problems are likely to occur.”( , 4th Nov. 2017) As said above, Anon could have been a very similar victim of mental problems and could have suffered long term problems like schizophrenia, depression and frustration specially because he was fro a war-torn place.



Along the play, I realized that Anon, who seemed to be very healthy and seemed to have a strong will to survive could in fact have been mentally ill. Not only that it is also possible that the entire play is only his imagination. Although the play in itself is fictional, the characters in the play slightly hint that Anon could have some mental issues.

In regards to that, Anon could have developed schizophrenia because of the sheer stress that he suffered back in his home. Other than that he is clearly depressed and frustrated. In the paper, I want to discuss if the issue is common in refugees from war torn places.